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This full-day excursion combines Ancient Greek history with Mythology through a wonderful experience. Walk around the magnificent Temple of Poseidon, one of the most important temples in Greece. According to the myth, this is the site where Aegeus, king of Athens, fell into the sea because of a misunderstanding. Cape Sounion is the southernmost point of Attica, and in antiquity, as today, sailors knew they were getting near Athens when they caught sight of the Temple of Poseidon's slender Doric columns. The original, Archaic-period temple of Poseidon on the site, which was built of tufa, was probably destroyed in 480 BC by Persian troops during Xerxes I's invasion of Greece. It was erected in the middle of the 5th century BC and built to honour Poseidon, god of the sea. Uploaded by Mark Cartwright, published on 26 April 2012 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike.This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Perseus Digital Library, for search term 'Sounion, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Temple_of_Poseidon,_Sounion&oldid=996957456, 5th-century BC religious buildings and structures, Ancient Greek archaeological sites in Greece, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Cape Sounion and its temple were always a welcome sight for sailors as they approached Athens. There is, however, no direct evidence that the inscription was made by Byron himself. Jessica Paga, "Attic Sanctuaries" in: Miles (ed. The temple is located on top of the hill at Cape Sounion, 68 kilometers away from Athens and it was dedicated to the God of the Sea and brother of Zeus, Poseidon! It was built on the ruins of a temple dating from the Archaic period. A two-way ticket was about 5 euro in 2008. The columns are of the Doric Order. Travelers and archaeologists at Sounion From the 17th century on foreigner travelers (G. Wheler / 1676, J.-D.Le Roy / 1754, R. Chandler / 1765, E. Dodwell /1805, A. Blouet /1829 et al.) Its architecture was unusual inasmuch as it had a colonnades on the southern and eastern, but not on the western or northern sides, a peculiarity mentioned by Vitruvius. Le premier temple de Poséidon, d'époque archaïque, était construit en tuffeau, au même endroit. The temple was built twice. The total number of original columns was 36: 15  columns still stand today. He marvels at "the way that this single gesture of the land suggests the invisible nearness of the divine and dedicates to it every growth and every human work" (ibid.). In ancient times it was called Sounias Akra (edge) and was connected with the legends of Athens and the Aegean. Although there is no direct evidence for Sounion, Xerxes certainly had the temple of Athena and everything else on the Acropolis of Athens, razed as punishment for the Athenians' defiance. [9] Early modern descriptions in travelogues include those by G. Wheler (1676), J.-D. [3], Sounion was fortified in the nineteenth year of the Peloponnesian War (413 BCE) for the purpose of protecting the passage of the cornships to Athens,[4] and was regarded from that time as one of the principal fortreses of Attica. [10] After they defeated Xerxes in the naval Battle of Salamis, the Athenians placed an entire captured enemy trireme (warship with three banks of oars) at Sounion as a trophy dedicated to Poseidon.[11]. They were made of locally quarried white marble. This stunning structure was built around 440 BC and the standing columns remain a testament to the architectural prowess of the Greeks at that time. Martin Heidegger visited Sounion during his journey to Greece in 1962, as described in his book Sojourns. Strabo noted: The design of the peripteros temple is a typical hexastyle, i.e.,, it had a front portico with six Doric columns. This would have threatened Athens' seaborne grain supply route from Euboea. [7] The circuit of the walls may still be traced, except where the precipitous nature of the rocks afforded a natural defence. Le Roy (1754), R. Chandler (1765) and E. Dodwell (1805). Construction of villas across the bay northwest of Cape Sounio flourished in the 1960s to 1970s. We had a great trip with Antonis to Cape Sounion to see the Temple of Poseidon. [5] ...they knew how to praise what is great and by acknowledging it, to bring themselves in front of the sublime, founding, in this way, a world" (ibid.). Ever since I can remember, I’ve always made lists for everything. 16 out of the 38 columns are standing today (of which four were re-erected in the 20th century). The design of the Temple of Poseidon is a typical hexastyle i.e. A deep pit to the southeast of the temenos was used to deposit the remains of the Archaic-period offerings destroyed in the Persian invasion. According to Traill (1986), the center of the settlement was situated somewhat to the north of the cape, between the modern settlements of Ano Sounio and Kato Sounio (close to 37°40′26″N 24°01′48″E / 37.674°N 24.030°E / 37.674; 24.030). According to legend, it was at Sounion that Theseus's father, King Aegeus, awaited his son's return from his journey to Crete to slay the Minotaur. A Doric temple, it overlooks the sea at the end of Cape Sounion, at a height of almost 60 metres. It would have contained, at one end facing the entrance, the cult image, a colossal, ceiling-height (6 metres (20 ft)) bronze statue of Poseidon.[6]. Although there is no direct evidence for Sounion, Xerxes certainly had the temple of Athena and everything else on the Acropolis of Athens, razed as punishment for the Athenians' defiance. [2], The deme was located between Amphitrope to the west and Thorikos to the north. [8] Though Sounion was especially sacred to Athena, we learn from Aristophanes that Poseidon was also worshipped there. Byron spent several months in 1810–11 in Athens, including two documented visits to Sounion. [24] He refers to the "gleaming-white ruins of the temple". it had a front portico with 6 columns. It sent four men to the ancient Boule of 500 at the time of Cleisthenes, and later (3rd century BC) six men to the Boule of 600. Menelaus landed at Sounion to give his companion full funeral honours (i.e., cremation on a funeral pyre on the beach). Scottish poet William Falconer (1732-1769) was shipwrecked off Cape Colonna, as Sounion was then known, in 1750, an event depicted in the central scene of his The Shipwreck (1762).[22]. Byron mentions Sounion in his poem Isles of Greece: Place me on Sunium's marbled steep, The temple itself was magnificent. The temple of Athena Sounias (Ναός της Αθηνάς Σουνιάδος 37°39′11″N 24°01′37″E / 37.653°N 024.027°E / 37.653; 024.027), some 300 m northeast of the temple of Poseidon, is built on a low hill. [20] The fortress was maintained well into the Hellenistic period. Cape Sounion itself is located between the villages of Kato Sounio and Legrena. Temple of Poseidon in Sounion. Vacation Style Holiday Type. He goes on to reflect "the people of this country knew how to inhabit and demarcate the world against the barbarous in honour of the seat of the gods. The temple of Athena was demolished in the 1st century AD, and parts of its columns were taken to Athens to be used in the South-East temple of the Agora. The Poseidon building was rectangular, with a colonnade on all four sides encompassing the peristasis. Athens' supply situation had become critical since the city's land supply lines had been cut by the Spartan fortification of Dekeleia, to the north of Attica. A Doric temple, it overlooks the sea at the end of Cape Sounion, at a height of almost 60 metres (200 ft). The Temple of Poseidon at Cape Sounion is the best half day trip you can do out of Athens or combine it with a swim and lunch or dinner at a seaside fish taverna. [5] Its proximity to the silver mines of Laurium probably contributed to its prosperity, which passed into a proverb;[6] but even in the time of Cicero it had sunk into decay. The area is located just 45 miles south of Athens city centre. Reviews 0 Reviews. As with all Greek temples, the Poseidon building was rectangular, with a colonnade on all four sides. During the trip, it was great talking with Antonis about the history and culture of Greece. Cape Sounion is noted for its Temple of Poseidon, one of the major monuments of the Golden Age of Athens. Temple of Poseidon, Sounion. This bus goes to Sounion along the coast line, it's a scenic route, very beautiful. At the centre of the temple, beyond the colonnade, there would have been the hall of worship (naos), a windowless rectangular room, similar to the partly intact hall at the Temple of Hephaestus. The story recounts that as the various Greek commanders sailed back from Troy, the helmsman of the ship of King Menelaus of Sparta died at his post while rounding "Holy Sounion, Cape of Athens. My dream travel list was always an extensive one. This was during the ascendancy of the Athenian statesman Pericles, who also rebuilt the Parthenon in Athens. Après avoir battu Xerxès à Salamine, les Athénien… Forming the southeastern endpoint of the Athens Riviera, Sounio is now an upscale summer home location for Athenians. On the way Antonis drove us through some beautiful locals on the outskirts of Athens. Temple of Poseidon Sounion At the moment, the road from Athens to Cape Sounion , thanks to the tourism and entertainment infrastructure developed in Greece , gives the traveler the opportunity not only to enjoy the scenic views, but also to rest on the way on one of the magnificent Greek beaches. The archaic temple was probably destroyed in 480 BC by Persian troops during Xerxes I's invasion of Greece. to Sounion viewed the ruined temple of Poseidon in a romantic mood. 590 BC)[7] and the relief of a "self-crowning athlete" (ca. Cape Sounio remains a popular day-excursion for tourists from Athens, with the sunset over the Aegean Sea, as viewed from the ruins, a sought-after sight since the first development of modern tourism in the early 19th century.[25]. The monument's present state is due to the work performed in the 1950s by the Greek Archaeological Service, led by Anastasios Orlandos. The ancient Greek temple of Poseidon at Cape Sounion, built during 444–440 BC, is one of the major monuments of the Golden Age of Athens. You can buy a ticket once you board the bus: there is a guy walking on the bus with tickets. Only some columns of the Cape Sounion Temple stand today, but intact it would have closely resembled the contemporary and well-preserved Temple of Hephaestus beneath the Acropolis, which may have been designed by the same architect.

Ikea Commande Incomplète France, Pertes Jaunes Foncées Début Grossesse, Karamoko Dembélé Salaire, Antonyme De Calme, Ministère De La Jeunesse Sénégal Adresse, Fort Boyard 2020 : Date, Chronologie Mcu Film Et Série, Effectif Rennes 2002, Albi Centre Commercial, Ministère De La Jeunesse Sénégal Adresse, Docker On Synology Ds418,

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